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Muscles; Muscular system

Miology - quiz in English

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Question 1

To the hospital applied a man with the sliced wound of the lower third of the anterior surface of the forearm. As a result, he can not to flex proximal phalanx II-V fingers. What muscle is damaged?

A
M. flexor carpi radialis
B
M. pronator quadratus
C
M. flexor digitorum profundus
D
M. brachioradialis
Question 2

A 50 years old man was taken to hospital with acute pain in the abdomen. The patient needs emergency surgery, during which the abdominal cavity must be widely open. In which place have to do surgeon the section to avoid a large blood loss?

A
Above the inguinal ligament on the left site
B
On the lateral border of the rectus abdominis on the right site
C
Above the inguinal ligament on the right site
D
Through the linea alba
E
Through the rectus abdominis
Question 3

A patient cannot lift up the dropped lower jaw. What muscles don`t execute their function?

A
depressor anguli oris
B
orbicularis oris
C
levator anguli oris
D
muscles of mastication
E
muscles of facial expression
Question 4

During the accident, the driver received numerous head injuries, including a fracture of the zygomatic arch. The function of which muscle, that attaches to the zygomatic arch, will be broken?

A
M. masseter
B
M. risorius
C
M. orbicularis oris
D
M. procerus
E
M. buccinator
Question 5

During the examination of a patient, the doctor found the asymmetry of his face. The patient can not wrinkle his forehead, raise the eyebrows, whistle or completely close his eye. The function of what muscles is broken?

A
Infrahyoid muscles
B
Subcutaneous muscles
C
Mimic muscles
D
Suprahyoid muscles
E
Chewing muscles
Question 6

During the final game a basketball player injured his right leg, after this injury it was impossible to bend the right foot.  The team’s doctor found that the tendon was damaged.  The tendon of which muscle is damaged?

A
Musculus triceps surae (Achilles' tendon)
B
Musculus tibialis anterior
C
Musculus biceps femoris
D
Musculus extensor policis longus
E
Musculus gracilis
Question 7

A patient has a penetrating wound in the center of the cheek, which must be stitched. Which muscle must the surgeon stitch?

A
M. zygomaticus major
B
M. orbicularis oris
C
M. depressor anguli oris
D
M. masseter
E
M. buccinator
Question 8

The patient can’t adduct the right scapula to the vertebral column. What muscle doesn’t provide the function?

A
M. rhomboideus major
B
M. serratus posterior superior
C
M. levator scapulae
D
M. latissimus dorsi
E
M. serratus posterior inferior
Question 9

In the victim was found stabbed muscles of the anterior wall of the axillary fossa. Which muscles forms this wall?

A
M. serratus anterior, m. pectoralis minor
B
M. serratus anterior, m. subclavius
C
M. pectoralis minor, m. pectoralis major
D
M. serratus anterior, m. pectoralis major
E
M. pectoralis minor, m. subclavius
Question 10

During the operation (cesarean section), was made the sectionon in the pubic area, the vagina of rectus abdominis muscle was cated. What does consis the anterior wall of the vagina of  rectus abdominis muscle?

A
Aponeurosis m. transversi abdominis, m. obliquus internus abdominis. s m. transversi abdominis, m. pyramidalis
B
Aponeurosis m. transversi abdominis, m. obliquus internus abdominis
C
Aponeurosis m. transversi abdominis, m. obliquus externus abdominis.
D
Aponeurosis m. obliqui internus abdominis, m. obliquus externus abdominis, m. transversi abdominis
Question 11

After an injury, a boy has a fracture of the patella. The function of  which muscle will be broken?

A
M. sartorius
B
M. quadriceps femoris
C
M. biceps femoris
D
M. semimembranosus
E
M. semitendinosus
Question 12

After injury a boy has a fracture of the patella. The function of  which muscle will be broken?

A
M. quadriceps femoris
B
M. semitendinosus
C
M. biceps femoris
D
M. sartorius
E
M. semimembranosus
Question 13

During the examination of a patient, 25 years old, was found a hematoma of the soft tissue of the medial wall of the axillary fossa. What the muscle of the chest forms the medial wall of the axillary fossa?

A
M. pectoralis minor
B
M. serratus posterior inferior
C
M. pectoralis major
D
M. serratus posterior superior
E
M. serratus anterior
Question 14

In  a patient at appendectomy a surgeon dissects the muscular fibers of anterior abdominal wall successively as follow:

A
rectus abdominis, external oblique
B
external oblique, internal oblique, transversus
C
transversus, internal oblique
D
rectus abdominis, external oblique, internal oblique
E
external oblique, internal oblique, rectus abdomini
Question 15

A 5 years old child who is diagnosed with severe diphtheria was hospitalized in the infectious department. To prevent suffocation child had the tracheostomy. In which triangle of the neck the operation was performed?

A
Omotrapezoideum triangle
B
Submandibulare triangle
C
Caroticum triangle
D
Omotracheale triangle
E
Omoclaviculare triangle
Question 16

A child 5-year-old suffers on deformation of the neck. At clinical inspection, it is set: inclination of the head to the left, turn of face to the right, the passive motion of the head  to the right is limited. Of what muscle does shortening take place?

A
Splenius capitis
B
Sternocleidomastoideus
C
Splenius cervicis
D
Trapezius
E
Longus colli
Question 17

As a result of the fracture of the tibia  the anterior group of muscles of the lower leg was damaged. The function of which muscle may be affected?

A
M. flexor digitorum longus
B
M. extensor digitorum brevis
C
M. soleus
D
M. fibularis longus
E
M. extensor hallucis longus
Question 18

In a 37 years old patient after the ingress of foreign objects into the airways appeared a cough, and then asthma. The tracheotomy was made on the neck, in the area which is limited by m. omohyoideus venter superior, m. sternocleidomastoideus and median line of the neck. In  which triangle of the neck was operation done?

A
Trigonum omotrapezoideum
B
Trigonum omoclaviculare
C
Trigonum submandibulare
D
Trigonum omotracheale
E
Trigonum caroticum
Question 19

The patient needs the catheterization and injection of medicine into the subclavian vein. The catheter is situated in the area of trigonum clavipectorale. What structures do limit it?

A
Clavicula and superior border of musculus pectoralis major
B
Clavicula and inferior border of musculus pectoralis minor
C
Clavicula and superior border of musculus pectoralis minor
D
Inferior border of musculus pectoralis major and inferior border of musculus pectoralis minor
E
Inferior and superior borders of musculus pectoralis minor
Question 20

In a patient was found stabbed in the anterior chest wall (closer to the sternum). The superficial muscles of the chest and membrana intercostalis externa are damaged. The continuation of what the muscles of the chest is this membrane?

A
Mm. transversi thoracis
B
Mm. levatores costarum
C
Mm. intercostales interni
D
Mm. intercostales externi
E
Mm. subcostales
Question 21

In a patient, the stabbed wound of the anterior chest wall (closer to the sternum) was found. The superficial muscles of the chest and membrana intercostalis externa are damaged. The continuation of what the muscles of the chest are this membrane?

A
Mm. transversi thoracis
B
Mm. intercostales externi
C
Mm. subcostales
D
Mm. levatores costarum
E
Mm. intercostales interni
Question 22

After  the fall a woman received a  fracture of olecranon of the ulna, as a result she can’t straighten the upper limb in the elbow and shoulder joints. The function of which muscle is broken?

A
M. biceps brachii
B
M. anconeus
C
M. brachialis
D
M. triceps brachii
E
M. coracobrachialis
Question 23

To the hospital applied a man with the sliced wound of the upper third of the lateral side of the forearm. Which muscle was damaged, if the patient can not bend the upper limb in the elbow joint?

A
M. extensor digitorum
B
M. extensor carpi ulnaris
C
M. brachioradialis
Question 24

An athlete felt pain along the sciatic nerve due to the compression of the muscle that goes  through the incisura ischiadiaca major. Which muscle was injured during exercise?

A
Musculus obturatorius externus
B
Musculus quadratus lumborum
C
Musculus obturatorius internus
D
Musculus piriformis
E
Musculus gluteus medius
Question 25

The patient was hospitalized due to the penetrating trauma of the mouth’s floor. Which muscle is injured?

A
M. geniohyoideus
B
M. stylohyoideus
C
M. digastricus
D
M. mylohyoideus
Question 26

Very ofter a cubital fossa is used for injections of medicine and venous blood sampling, it is because of  localization of ulnar vein directly under the skin. What structures do limit the cubital fossa?

A
M. brachioradialis, m. pronator teres, m. flexor carpi ulnaris
B
M. biceps brachii, m. brachioradialis, m. pronator teres
C
M. biceps brachii, m. brachioradialis, m. flexor carpi radialis
D
M. biceps brachii, m. brachioradialis, m. flexor carpi ulnaris
E
M. brachialis, m. brachioradialis, m. pronator teres
Question 27

Because of fall, a patient got a fracture of upper part of the humerus. One of the back muscle is dysfunctional, this muscle is attached to the crista tuberculi minoris ossis humeri. What muscle is damaged?

A
M. serratus posterior superior
B
M. latissimus dorsi
C
M. rhomboideus minor
D
M. rhomboideus major
E
M. trapezius
Question 28

A 40 years old man was taken to hospital with a sliver of the lower third of the front of the shoulder area. He has  a limitation of flexion in the shoulder and elbow joints. Damage of which muscle led to these disorders?

A
M. anconeus
B
M. coracobrachualis
C
M. biceps brachii
D
M. triceps brachii
Question 29

After the fracture of bones in a distal part of the forearm and long-term immobilization in a patient the limitation of movements at wrist joint came into being. What movements, peculiar to this joint, must be renewed by persistent training?

A
flexion-extension, abduction-adduction
B
rotation, flexion-extension
C
flexion-extension
D
flexion-extension, abduction-adduction, rotation
E
abduction-adduction
Question 30

During an examination of the patient's facial expressions was revealed that he can not put his lips in tube form, can’t whistle, the corners of the mouth do not rise up during laughing and the oral cleft is stretched sideways (transverse smile). The patient suffers from myopathy - degenerative hereditary disease with dystrophic muscle lesions. Atrophy of which muscle causes these symptoms?

A
Musculus zygomaticus major
B
Musculus orbicularis oris
C
Musculus risorius
D
Platizma
E
Musculus masseter
Question 31

During writing the medical history of a patient, the doctor noted that the trauma is located  in  the submandibular triangle. Which of the following anatomical structures border this area?

A
Midline of the neck
B
Omohyoideus
C
Strenocleidomastoideus
D
Inferior border of the mandible
Question 32

A patient’s movement was limited after falling straight on his feet. The patient feels instability in the joint and (uncertainty and strangulation)? What structures of the knee joint were damaged?

A
Medial meniscus
B
Anterior crucial ligament
C
ligament of the head of a femur
D
Lateral meniscus
E
Posterior crucial ligament
Question 33

As a result of  an injury, a 34 years old patient is suffering from limited flexion of middle phalanges of fingers 2-5 – of all fingers actually-. The function of which muscles is most likely to be broken?

A
m. flexor digitorum superficialis
B
m. palmaris brevis, m. abductor digiti minimi
C
m. opponens policis, m. adductor policis
D
m. palmaris longus
E
m. flexor digitorum profundus
Question 34

A  35 years old man, in working conditions, received a cut wound in the area of  thumb on the palmar surface. It is discovered the limitation of abduction of the thumb. The function of  which muscle is damaged?

A
M. palmaris brevis
B
M. adductor pollicis
C
M. abductor pollicis brevis
D
M. flexor pollicis brevis
Question 35

A man at work received a cut wound in the lateral margin of the palmar surface of the hand. The doctor discovered limitation of the thumb abduction. The function of  which muscle is damaged?

A
Musculus opponens policis
B
Musculi lumbricales
C
Musculus abductor policis
D
Musculus abductor policis brevis
E
Musculus palmaris brevis
Question 36

In the dental practice, there are incidents with the  breach of outflow  of secret of the parotid salivary gland through its excretory duct. Through what the muscle does run this duct?

A
M. masseter
B
M. zygomaticus minor
C
M. zygomaticus major
D
M. buccinator
E
M. orbicularis oris
Question 37

The man 35-year-old with the trauma of left palm has applied to traumatology. It is set at inspection: sword-cut of left palm, middle phalanges of 2-5 fingers cannot flex. Which structures were injured?

A
Tendons of deep flexor digitorum
B
Palmar interosseal muscles
C
Lumbricales muscles
D
Tendons of superficial flexor digitorum
Question 38

After a chest trauma in a patient appears a pain during the breathing, especially during expiration. What muscle does depress ribs and take part in expiration?

A
M. latissimus dorsi
B
M. serratus posterior superior
C
M. serratus posterior inferior
D
M. trapezius
E
M. rhomboideus major
Question 39

To the hospital applied a man with the fracture of the upper third  of the humerus with a displacement of fragments, as a result blood vessels and nerves that pass through foramen quadrilaterum of the posterior wall of the axillary cavity, were damaged. What structure  limits the foramen quadrilaterum?

A
M. teres major, m. teres minor, m. triceps brachii, os humeri
B
M. latissimus dorsi, m. infraspinatus, m. coracobrachialis, m. brachialis
C
M. teres major, m. biceps brachii, os humeri, m. brachialis
D
M. teres major, m teres minor, m. triceps brachii, m. brachialis
Question 40

In the young man, the humerus is broken in the area of crista tuberculi majoris. Movements are limited. What muscle is attached to cristae tuberculi majoris humeri?

A
M. serratus anterior
B
M. serratus posterior superior
C
M. transversus thoracis
D
M. subclavius
E
M. pectoralis major
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